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OS ΤΥåץǡ

ͥ뤫饷ƥ, ץꥱ˻ޤǰ̤ unix OS Ǥ¿ΥեȥޤޤƤ.
ΥեȥΥƥȼȯӰѤƤ򺣡ȼˤĤƤξȾưŪꤹˡ٤ƥॢåץǡȤλΤʤȥƥǤ뤳ȤԲǽǤ.
(줫͡ daemon 򥤥󥹥ȡ뤹)ƥ๹ˤĤƳؤǤ褤.

ǡFreeBSD ξ*1ΤåץǡȤˤĤơٰŪʤȤؽ.

FreeBSD ΥСǧ

ޤ FreeBSD ΥС㤤ˤϤɤΤ褦ʰ̣ΤäΤäƤ.

ޤ

 uname -v

ȤƤߤ褦. ȳκΥޥξ֤Ǥ

FreeBSD 8.1-RELEASE #0: Mon Jul 19 02:55:53 UTC 2010 root@almeida.cse.buffalo.edu:/usr/obj/usr/src/sys/GENERIC

ʤɤɽ. ܤ "8.1-RELEASE" СɽƤ.
warning.png uname ޥɤνϤϸŤäꥦĤꤹǽΤǡ /usr/src/sys/conf/newvers.sh REVISION= Ȥʬ BRANCH= ȤʬåƳΤƤ*2.
ʲϡnewvers.sh ΥСɽ魯ʬǤ롥

TYPE="FreeBSD"

REVISION="8.1"

BRANCH="RELEASE"

ơΥСϡFreeBSD ˥ݡȤƤ륷ƥෲΤФƤɤΤ褦ʾ֤Ǥ뤫򼨤Ƥ.
"8.1-RELEASE" ΤǽοĤСֹ(revision)ǡǽΰĤ᥸㡼ܤޥʡֹʤɤȸƤФ*3.
ơǸΥϥեʹߤ branch ȸƤФ졤ΥСΡָߤξפɽƤ.
branch ˤϤ褽Τ褦ʤΤ.

current
ȯ桤ˤ뤳Ȥ̣. ǿεǽƤ󤳤ǤϤ뤬ѹϤä夦Х¿. ѥǤʤȤޤޤ. Ƥϡꤷǡפ󤼤㤦*4.
stable
ꤷƻȤǤ뤳Ȥ̣. current Ǥ󤶤줿ǽ礵졤ȥƥݤŪݼ餬Ƥ. Ƥϡꤷǡװ㤦.
release
stable Ǥä˰ȥƥΤտ, ݼ餵줿ΤǡFreeBSD Ѥˤϰ̤ˤǤ侩( stable Ǥ˹ĤĻȤäƤ褤). Ƥ˴طʤŪˡָפƤ.

ޤrelease ǤǤäˡ֥ƥΤ˺Ǿ¤ѹԤäץС㤤⤭ȵҤ.
㤨 "8.1-RELEASE-p1" ʤɤɽ졤 8.1-RELEASE ˥ѥå 1ŬѤ줿СǤ뤳Ȥ̣.
ߤϤοĤˤʤäƤ٤ʤΤϡ FreeBSD Security Advisories(http://www.freebsd.org/security/advisories.html) ʤɤߤơƥ(FreeBSD-SA-* Ȥ) Release Ƥ餤Ĥ뤫Ф褤(ʤߤˡ8.1-Release 2010ǯ723˥꡼Ƥ)

branch ΰ㤤(ٻȤäƤߤƤ´Ǥ뤬)ҤΥåץǡˡΰ㤤仡Τǡ褯狼ʤȤΤϤʬޤɤ߿ʤФ褤.

½ notes.png

OS ΥС򤭤Ĵ١ϿƤ.
ޤߤ FreeBSD release branch κǿΤΤϤĤǤϤĴ٤(FreeBSD Security Advisories(http://www.freebsd.org/security/advisories.html) õɤǤߤȤ)

FreeBSD ΥƥॢåץǡȤˡ

ΤˡFreeBSD ΥƥΥåץǡȤˡ˽Ҥ٤Ƥ.
ˤϼ˰ʲΤ褦ʤΤ.

ƥ󥹥ȡ
פ˿󥹥ȡ. ¾˼ʤʤȤκǽ. åץǡȤǤޤˤѲ礭ȤϤˡǤϤ. Windows Ȱä FreeBSD ǤեΤۤȤɤƥȥեʤΤǡ Ѥ䤹ΤƤΤʤᤫ.
ץॽ򹹿ѥ뤷ƥƥؤ
Хʥ򤽤ٺ뤿ᤫʤϹ⤤֤֤빽. ޤǤȯ줿(ƥ)ȼбˤϻ¾夳ˡʤä*5. ιˤ "cvsup" ѤΤŪ. ʤߤˡˡϡѥ˻Ȥޥɤ¯ "make world" ȸ*6. ʤäƤ⤳ˡȤʤȺ뤳Ȥ⤢뤫Ȼפ. ܺ٤ ϥɥ֥å 򻲾Ȥ٤.
sysinstall Ѥ
СΥ󥹥ȡǥǵưsysinstall Ѥˡ. ٤ä release ֤ǤȤʤȻפäƤ褤ñdz.
üʥġѤ
release С֤ˤƤϡ/̤ʥåץǡȥġ뤬󶡤뤳Ȥ¿. Ѥ˴ñ˥åץǡȤǽŬоݤ˸ꤵƤ㤤.
freebsd-update Ѥ
ϰΥХʥꥢåץǡȤ release ǤƱ release ǤκǿΥƥѥå夬äΤ˽ƤΤǤ.
Υƥк٤礭Ƥ򤷤ƥǡ֤Τ. release ǤˤȤʤ*7. ports طޤǤݸƤʤΤǡports طˤĤƤϼʬǹͤʤȤʤ.

ͤΤˡĤλ򼨤Ƥ.

cvsup ޥ

饳ѥ뤹롤ȤˡȤФɬפʥޥɤ.
򤷤Ƥ뤫ȤȡFreeBSD ǥƥƹۤ뤿ɬפʥ򹹿륳ޥɤǤ.
ĤƤɤȤ줿ޥɤportsnap freebsd-udpate Ȥ褦ˤʤäƤ̾δԤϤޤȤʤʤäΤǤϤʤ.
Ȥ櫓ǡʲɤǤǤ褤.

Ȥ, ports 饤󥹥ȡ뤷Ƥ(󥹥ȡ뤹ΤGUI פ "cvsup-without-gui" ˤƤ).
㤨СȤ 8.1-Release Ǥκǿ·뤿ʤ /etc/cvsupfile 򼡤Τ褦ˤ. ʤߤˡ/usr/share/examples/cvsup ͡ʾŬեΥץ뤬Τǻͤˤʤ

*default host=cvsup.jp.FreeBSD.org

*default base=/var/db

*default prefix=/usr

*default release=cvs tag=RELENG_8_1

*default delete use-rel-suffix

*default compress

src-all

Ƥơ

 nohup /usr/local/bin/cvsup -g -L 2 /etc/cvsupfile

ʤɤȤС(ξ)ƥॽȥɥȤƹ.
cvsup ports 򹹿뤳ȤǤ뤬ports ˴ؤƤ portsnap ͥʤΤ(Ū®)portsnap ǤƤޤ.

make world ϤˤĤ

饳ѥ뤹ˡ̤ˤ.
⺣ȤʤäƤϤޤˤ˻Ȥʤˡ顤ñ˽Ҥ٤Ƥ.

ޤmake world μ³ξܺ٤ˤĤƤ ϥɥ֥å 򸫤Ф褤ΤǡݥȤΤ߽񤤤Ƥ.
ԸˤȤäơƥ򥳥ѥ뤷ؤ뤳ˡǰˤʤΤϡ /etc ʲˤեΰѤ*8.
ۤСֲʹƤ뤫ʬäƺȤפȤˤʤ뤬ɤƤ⺤äϡ

  • ʬǿäΤե Ĥ٤Ƽǽ뤳Ȥˤ
  • ʬǿäȤΤʤե

ȤˤǤʤȤʤ.
ʤȽѻ֤Ǥ뤬(Pentium 4, 3GHz ٤θŤ PC ),

  • Ǥ֤Τ buildworld 1Ⱦ
  • ¾Ϥ碌 1ּȤ٤

ȤǤ.

freebsd-update ˤĤ(½) notes.png

ñԡǥȾưȤȤ·äƤƺ֤ΤǤ freebsd-update ˤĤƤǤ.
ȾưǻȤʤСäϫFreeBSD ΥƥΥƥѥåˤۤܺǿݤĤȤǽ.
ʲܤƤ.

ʤˤϤȤ⤢졤ޤϥޥ˥奢ɤǤߤ褦.
ޥ˥奢ˤȤ褽5ĤλȤ*9.
ñƤȡ

freebsd-update fetch
ɬפʥХʥ꺹ʬäƤ.
freebsd-update cron
cron ȤäŪ fetch ԤˤϤΥ⡼ɤ.
freebsd-update install
äƤʬ򥤥󥹥ȡ뤹.
freebsd-update upgrade
OS Release ֥С󥢥åפ˻Ȥ. 㤨С8.1-Release 7.3-Release ˤʤ.
freebsd-update rollback
freebsd-update ̤򸵤᤹.

ȤȤ.
upgrade rollback ʤϻȤʤ顤ʻȤĤ껰ĤˤĤ褦.

ޤХʥ꺹ʬäƤˤ ư fetch ȡcron ǼưŪ˹Ԥ cron ̤꤬.
˼ư

 freebsd-update fetch

ԤäƤߤ褦.
κξ֤ȡ

Looking up update.FreeBSD.org mirrors... 4 mirrors found.

Fetching public key from update4.FreeBSD.org... done.

Fetching metadata signature for 8.1-RELEASE from update4.FreeBSD.org... done.

Fetching metadata index... done.

Fetching 2 metadata files... done.

Inspecting system...

Preparing to download files... done.

Fetching 8 patches..... done.

Applying patches... done.

The following files will be updated as part of updating to 8.1-RELEASE-p1:

/rescue/[

/rescue/atacontrol

/rescue/atmconfig

/rescue/badsect

/rescue/bsdlabel

ά

/usr/lib/libbz2.so.4

/usr/lib/libbz2_p.a

/usr/lib/libstand.a

/usr/lib/libstand_p.a

/usr/src/sys/conf/newvers.sh

Ȥǡƥå(κǤ 8.1-Release )8.1-Release patch1 ޤǥС󥢥åפǤ衤ʬϰʲ̤ǡäƤ衤ȤɽФ.

ĤˡΡ֥Хʥ꺹ʬμפưƤ.
ˤϥޥ˥奢ˤ⵭Ҥ褦ˡ/etc/crontab

0 3 * * * root /usr/sbin/freebsd-update cron

ʤɤȽ񤭤ǤФ褤
warning.png crontab ǤϹܴ֤ϸ§Ȥơ֥֡פǶڤ뤳Ȥդ. Ǹ update cron δ֤Ϲܴ֤֡ǤϤʤפΤǡڡǶڤ뤳.

ƤСξ3 freebsd-update fetch ȼưǺȤΤƱ̤塤֤⤷ѥåäroot ˤλݤΥ᡼ФƤΤ.
ĤޤꡤƤСּʬǥåʤƤ⿷ѥå뤫ɤξʬפΤǤ*10.
Ǥߤ褦 FreeBSD Security Advisories(http://www.freebsd.org/security/advisories.html) ܤ̤ƥå褦ȤѤʤȤפС줬˳ڤ狼.

notes.png Ȥ櫓ǤºݤˤäƤ.
(ºݤˤϡ 3 1ʬ cron ư¾ΤΤΤǡ֤Ƹ 330ʬʤɤꤷƤʤɡפ褤)

ơƼХʥ꺹ʬŬѤ(įʤȻפä)ư

 freebsd-update install

ȤǤ(θǰΰ٤˥֡ȤƤȤ褤). ڤ.

ʤƥ饤֥Ū˥󥯤Ƥʤɤ ports/package ϡ⹹ʤỌ̇̄ʤ.

notes.png ơХʥ꺹ʬŬѺȤºݤˤäƤߤ褦.
ơ(֡ȸ) FreeBSD ΥСٳǧơѲǧƤ.

ºݤ˺ȸ uname -v ɽߤȡ

FreeBSD 8.1-RELEASE #0: Mon Jul 19 02:55:53 UTC 2010 root@almeida.cse.buffalo.edu:/usr/obj/usr/src/sys/GENERIC

ʤɤȤʤꡤ"-p1" ääƤ餺ޤäɤ狼ʤ
˶褦 newvers.h ߤȡ

TYPE="FreeBSD"

REVISION="8.1"

BRANCH="RELEASE-p1"

ȤʤäƤΤ patch 1 ˤʤäȤ狼.

FreeBSD ƥॢåץǡȤˡμʹ

ʾǥСȥåץǡȤδطäȤ狼ä顤
礶äѤʿޤȤưʲ˼(100% οޤ̤Ȥ櫓ǤϤʤ. ä˥åץǡȤˡϡͥ줿ġ뤬ȯƳڤˤʤäƤפΤǡåץǡȤɬפʤȤĴľȴ򤷤ȯ¿).
 65%, "FreeBSD ΥƥॢåץǡȤμʹ"


ߤʬ뤬release branch αޤäƤвȳڤǤ.
դˡϫ򤤤Ȥʤ "make world" ˤäƤۤȤɤΥбǽʤȤʬ.

ports/packages ΥåץǡȤȥƥˤĤ

ơOS ΥƥˤĤƥƥѥåξۤܺǿˤļưŪĤġñ˥ѥåƤǤ褦ˤʤäΤǡ٤ ports/packages ǻ褦ʤȤǤʤͤ褦.
Τˤϡ

  1. ˥󥹥ȡ뤷 ports/packages ȼưŪȤ
  2. եȤΥС󥢥å׻ɬפˤʤ ports ˺ǿݤĻȤ
  3. եȤΥС󥢥åפºݤ˴ñ˹ԤȤ

ɬפ*11.
ǡִñפȤּưŪˡפȤʬϡºݤˤϤȤƤפ.
ȤΤ⡤餬񤷤äѤäꤹȺȤԤʤʤ꤬ǡɡȼ֤ޤޤȤȤˤʤ꤫ͤʤ.

ʲˡλȤߤˤĤƶŪ˵ȡ

  1. ˥󥹥ȡ뤷Ƥ ports/packages ȼϡportaudit Τ뤳ȤǤ(cron ǤȤΤŪˤǤ)
  2. ports portsnap cron Ѥ뤳ȤǾ˺ǿξ֤ˤƤ
  3. portupgrade ѤơȼΤߤĤä package/ports 򹹿ưʺǿС˹

Ȥʤ.
ʲܤҤ٤褦.
(portsnap portupgrade ˤĤƤϴ˴ñƤ뤬­ߤǤǺƤ).

portaudit

ȼΤ륤󥹥ȡѤ ports/package 򸫤ĤƤġ.
⤦ФɬʤȻפäƤ褤
⤷äƤʤФĤΤ褦ˡpsearch portinstall Ȥäƥ󥹥ȡ뤷褦*12.

ޤưǤλȤ

 portaudit -adF

Ǥ롥

notes.png ºݤˤäƤߤ褦.
ճ¿ȼ𤬤⤢ꡤä.
󤫥֤ä𤵤Τ⤢Τǡκξȼºݤˤ ĤۤɤΤΤ*13.

ơportaudit μư¤ portaudit 򥤥󥹥ȡ뤷ǤǤ˼ưλƤ.
Ūˤϡ󥹥ȡ /usr/local/etc/periodic/security/410.portaudit Ȥ̾Υե뤬졤줬 cron periodic daily ¹Ԥ٤˼¹Ԥ褦ˤʤäƤΤ.
ơη̤Ϥ root ˥᡼Ϥ褦ˤʤäƤ.
Ǥ뤫顤portaudit 򥤥󥹥ȡ뤹ǡports/packages ȼˤĤƤ OK .

ơportaudit ΤäեȤˤĤƤϡportupgrade ǿǤ˥åץ졼ɤФ褤
Сˤȼ𤵤Ƥ硤portupgrade ޤ褦ˤʤäƤ롥

ξϡȼƤɤ٤ȽǤɬפ롥
㤨СǤ⿷Ǥꥹ礭ȻפϤФ餯ΥեȤλѤΤ褤Ǥȼꥹ˾ȽǤǤϡŪ˿Ǥ˥åץ졼ɤƻȤȤΤ⤢
ʤߤˡȼ̵뤷ƶŪ portupgrade Ȥˤϡ

 portupgrade -m DISABLE_VULNERABILITIES=yes ե̾

ȤФ褤

notes.png Τ /usr/local/etc/periodic/security/410.portaudit Ȥե뤬뤳ȤǧƤ.
;ϤΤԤϡΥեȤ⸫Ƥ.

portsnap

˲٤ȤäƤ ports 򹹿뤿Υġ롥
cvsup ®ΤǤ*14.

˳ؤȤƽ񤤤ƤȡѤϤ(Ĥޤ)λΤߡ

 portsnap fetch
 portsnap extract

Ȥ. ˤäơ/usr/ports ʲϿʤ(顤ʬνפʥǡ֤Ƥʤ).
ơܰʹߤ

 portsnap fetch
 portsnap update

ȤФ褤
warning.png ưǤʤˤȤ߹碌(fetch, update)dzФƤФ褤.

Ⱦưˤ cron .
Ūˤϡ㤨

0 4 * * * root /usr/sbin/portsnap cron

ʤɤ /etc/crontab ˽񤤤Ƥ*15portsnap fetch 򤷤ΤƱ̤.

ޥ˥奢뤫狼褦 portsnap update μưˤĤƤϤޤꤪᤵƤʤ*16
ɤƤȤʤ portsnap -I update ȤƤ.
(ޤºݤ˲ΥեȤ port ǥ󥹥ȡ뤹뤫 udpate ˼ư portsnap udpate Ф褤Τǡ礷֤ǤϤʤ)

½ notes.png

portsnap fetch ưǤäƤ cron (嵭)äƤ

portupgrade

˥󥹥ȡ뤵Ƥ ports/packages 򥢥åץ졼ɤġ(Ȥ).
켫Ȥʾ塤򥤥󥹥ȡ뤹ȤĤǤ portinstall portversionޥɤ󥹥ȡ뤵ƻȤ褦ˤʤ뤿ᡤ⤷äƤʤХ󥹥ȡ뤷Ƥ(8.1R ϥǥեȤäƤϤ).
򥤥󥹥ȡ뤷ϡport Υ󥹥ȡ

 portinstall ե̾

ȤǤ褤褦ˤʤ뤷åץ졼ɤ

 portupgrade ե̾

Ǥ褤ΤǤȤƤڤˤʤ.

ʤߤˡǾΤƤ֥ե̾ΡפȤΤϡ
̤󥹥ȡΤΤʤ

 psearch

ǡ󥹥ȡѤߤΤΤʤ

 pkg_info

Τ뤳ȤǤ롥

½ notes.png

(ǰΰ٤μ½) portsnap, portupgrade, portaudit Τ󥹥ȡ뤵ƤʤΤХ󥹥ȡ뤻.

ޤ notes.png

֤;äƻʤȤ portaudit ȼ𤵤Ƥ륽եȥФ portupgrade ѤƥС󥢥åפȼʤ٤̵褦ϤƤߤ.
פˡΤ portupgrade ǥĥĥС󥢥åפportaudit 򤫤ȤȼꥹȤ˽Фʤ褦ˤΤ.

ȤκȤ򤷤ƤС

>portaudit -adF

auditfile.tbz 100% of 64 kB 84 kBps

New database installed.

Database created: 2010ǯ 11 9 2025ʬ00 JST

0 problem(s) in your installed packages found.

ȤˡΤѥåʤ֤ˤǤư¿.

warning.png ˽񤤤褦ˡǿΤΤˤȼ𤵤Ƥϡportupgrade ϥåץ졼ɺȤԤäƤʤ
ϥƥɤĴ٤ơֲʤΤסֱѤǤɤС뤫סֿǤΤۤޥʤΤס֤ʤʤ饢󥤥󥹥ȡ뤷ۤɤΤפȽǤ򤷤褦

ʤߤˡƥ ports Ƥ򤭤 update 뤳Ȥͤȡ

ƤȤʤСޤϤɤ줯餤ֺǿǤʤΡפ뤫ꥹȥåפƤߤ褦.
ˤϡportupgrade ּºݤˤϲ⤹ʡפȤץդǼ¹ԤơоݿƤߤФ褤.
Ūˤϡ㤨ƤåΤǤ

portupgrade -na

ȤФ褤(-n ּºݤˤϺȤʡ -a ơפȤǤ).

notes.png ºݤ˰ʲΤ褦ˤĴ٤Ƥߤ褦.

>portupgrade -na

---> Reading default options: -v -L /var/log/ports/%s::%s.log

---> Session started at: Tue, 09 Nov 2010 20:28:32 +0900

---> Upgrade of lang/perl5.10 started at: Tue, 09 Nov 2010 20:29:50 +0900

---> Upgrading 'perl-5.10.1_1' to 'perl-5.10.1_3' (lang/perl5.10)

ά

Upgrading 'gnome2-2.30.1_1' to 'gnome2-2.30.2' (x11/gnome2)

OK? [no]

---> Upgrade of x11/gnome2 ended at: Tue, 09 Nov 2010 20:30:21 +0900 (consumed 00:00:00)

---> ** Upgrade tasks 187: 187 done, 0 ignored, 0 skipped and 0 failed

---> Listing the results (+:done / -:ignored / *:skipped / !:failed)

ά

+ x11-toolkits/py-gnome-desktop (py26-gnome-desktop-2.30.0_2)

+ deskutils/hamster-applet (hamster-applet-2.30.1_2)

+ games/gnome-games (gnome-games-2.30.1_1)

+ x11/gnome-applets (gnome-applets-2.30.0_2)

+ accessibility/orca (orca-2.30.1_1)

+ x11/gnome2 (gnome2-2.30.1_1)

---> Packages processed: 187 done, 0 ignored, 0 skipped and 0 failed

---> Session ended at: Tue, 09 Nov 2010 20:30:21 +0900 (consumed 00:01:49)

ʤɤȤɽˤʤäơξ硤187 Ĥ package ָŤפȤ狼*17.
ƿ褦Ȥȿʾ֤

ݡ

FreeBSD 9.0-Release 줿ʤСΥƥ򤽤˥åץǡȤˤϤɤ褤λǤʤweb Ĵ٤ʤɤơʤ٤ܺ٤Ĵ٤.
ޤԤäȤˤĤ𤻤.
Ƽ

  1. °(ز)
  2. ֹ
  3. ǯ
  4. ̾
  5. οΥݡ(θȤˤĤƵŤ)

񤯤Τ˺ʤ褦.
ݡȤϤַפ鳰ɤǤ館ʤȤ⤢롥ϳ餷Τʤ褦դ褦

about Icons, ClipArts

Some icons in this page are downloadable at ICONFINDER.

The "note" icon notes.png designed by Marco Martin is distributed with the LGPL licence,
the "warning" icon warning.png designed by Alexandre Moore with the GPL licence
and the "triangle" icon JNorth_arrow-right-sm.png designed by Joseph North is distributed with the Creative Commons (Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 3.0 Unported) licence.

Some clip arts used in this page are downloadable at Open Clip Art Library.
We deeply appreciate their superb works. With licence, they describe that "the actual clipart content on open clipart library is Public domain" in the web.


*1 ǰʤ顤unix ѤŪʻȤߤϤޤʤ. ʤʤ顤ƥ꤬ʤ˿ˤʤäΤϼ¤ϤĤǯΤȤǤꡤƼ OS "ʬ" ΤϤǤ. ƥ꤬Ǥʤäˤ OS/Software ΥåץǡȤѥåƤȤȤ٤Ϻʤ㤫äᡤŪˡǤ⤽ǤϤʤä.
*2 ȤΤ⡤uname ϥѥ뤵ʤȹʤ⡤νƤϹ˴ԤˤäƼͳǤƤޤΤ.
*3 ̤˥᥸㡼礭Ф餬Ʊʤޥʡ礭꿷
*4 äơ㤨Ʊ "8.1-current" ȸäƤꤷˤƤ㤦ΤǡƤξܺ٤˴Ťʤȿͤä̤ʤ.
*5 ݤʤ줬
*6 ºݤ "make world" ȤƤΤΤ. ϼºݤˤ "make buildworld; make buildkernel; make installkernel; make installworld" Ȥˡ侩Ƥ.
*7 ǶΥС stable ǤˤŬѲǽȤȤˤʤäƤϤ뤬ɬޤԤ櫓ǤϤʤ褦
*8 Ūˤϡmergemaster ޥɤ֤ɤޤפʹƤ
*9 ¾ˤ⡤ƥкΰĤȤƤIDS ȤȤ⤢
*10 root Υ᡼äͤ
*11 빽. /usr/ports/ports-mgmt/ ʲϴŪˤġǤ
*12 Ȥˤϡǰΰ٤ portsnap Ȥä ports 򹹿Ƥ
*13 󤳤ĥäơȼܻؤΤ
*14 ޤportsnap ְʳפΥġǤ portsԤäݤˤ IndexΤ portsdb -uU ȤƤȤ(ǰΰ٤ˤ)ɬפ 20ʬ٤꤫ͤʤǤꡤˤǤ.portsdb ǹƤ¤ˤƤ Index ˹Τ(ȤäƤ)portsdb -uU ȤɬפʤΤǤ.
*15 ϤޤƱ
*16 ͳϥޥ˥奢ɤ
*17 "done"ȤʤäƤ뤬ºݤˤϺȤƤʤ