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FreeBSD Υåץǡ

ơμȴ FreeBSD 7.1R Ǥ꡼줿.
OS ΤΤΥС󥢥åץǡȤϡƥкȤƤǤ褦ˤʤäƤȤǤΤǡ礦ɤ褤.
ǡΥƥ 7.0R-pX 7.1R ˥åץǡȤ褦.

OS ΥС󥢥åפϤλˤäƤѤäꡤˤäư㤦.

Τᡤ꤫򤳤ƽ񤤤ƤޤäƤϡּεפΩʤΤǡϰġɤߤʤ鼫ϤDz衤ȤƤߤ褦.

ŤˤĤΤǡˤĤƤϽ񤤤Ƥ.
ȤäƤñʤΤǡŪˡֲȥ֥뤬뤫⤷ʤΤǡƤפΰˤĤ.

⤦Ū˽񤤤Ƥ. OS ΥС󥢥åפȤʤƥΥեȥ¿С󥢥åפ. ˤϡưѤΤ䡤եΰ٤(ǽ)ưʤΤ⤢뤫⤷ʤ. ΤäƤ⺤ʤ褦ˡ
֥ХååפȤä
֤Ǥľʥƥ๽ľƤ
С󥢥åפԤȤȤǤ.

Ūˤ㤨мΤ褦ʤΤ. ¾ˤͤʤηäʤäƤߤ褦.

  1. /etc ǥ쥯ȥˤϡƼե뤬¿֤Ƥ. С󥢥å׺ˤե뤬񤭴줿ꤹ뤬Τ˥ȥ֥뤬뤫⤷ʤ. ơޤ뤴ȥХååפƤ.
    ŪˤϡС󥢥å׺
     cd /
     cd -Rp etc etc.old-20090213
    ʤɤȤ, /etc.old-20090213 ȤХååץǥ쥯ȥ꤬Ǥ.
    notes.png ˡǡ/etc ХååפƤ.

  2. ʤäͥե꤬äƵưޤʤȤꤵ. ǡͥХååפ򤷤Ƥ.
    ŪˤϡƱͤ˥С󥢥å׺
     cd /
     cp -Rp boot boot.old-20090213
    ʤɤȤФ褤.
    notes.png ˡǡͥեХååפƤ.

  3. DNS 򡤡¾ͤפ褦ᤷƤ. Ǵĥȡ BIND ȥ֥򵯤ˡͥåȥ³ǺФ.
    Ūˤϡ/etc/resolv.conf ϡ(Ǥ)Υ꥾ФľƤ. ξϥС󥢥å׺

    nameserver 192.168.125.14

    ˤäᤷƤȤˤʤ.
    notes.png ˡǡDNS ᤷƤ.

  4. Τˤơ˺ȥȤ. äƤʤ֤ǽפʥåƨ顤äƤޤ.
    ϡportupgrade Τ褦˼ưǺȥȤϻפʤΤǡsrcipt ޥɤѤƺȥ褦ˤ褦.
    script ޥɤλȤϴñ. Ȥ⤫ֺ鵭Ͽ!פȻפȤ,
     cd (Ͽե֤Ƥǥ쥯ȥ)
     script 20090213-1.log &color(blue){ ϿեŪ˻ꤷƤ};
    ʤɤȤȡ֥⡼ɡפ(Τˤϥե). ȤϡŪ
     exit
    ȤޤǡƤϿ.
    notes.png Ȥ򳫻Ϥˡơ֥⡼ɡפˤƤ.
    warning.png ֡Ȥľ script ޥɤưƤʤ. Ū script ޥɤưƤǤʤȥϼʤ. Ĥޤꡤ˥֡Ȥ򤷤ϡ script ޥɤư. ξ硤Ͽե֤̾ʤ褦ˤ뤫script -a (Ͽɲä⡼)Ȥ褦ˤ褦.

FreeBSD ΥС󥢥åפˤĤơΰ켡 FreeBSD 7.1-RELEASE Announcement ȤȤˤʤ. ͥåȥĶǡ Web ɤʤΤˡåץ졼ɤ˴ؤꤽʬȴ衤ѤƤ. 줬С󥢥åפ˺ݤƤäȤפʻǤΤǡ礤ɤ⤦.

Updating Existing Systems


NOTE: If updating from a 7.0 or earlier system due to a change in the Vendor's drivers certain Intel NICs will now come up as igb(4) instead of em(4). We normally try to avoid changes like that in stable branches but the vendor felt it necessary in order to support the new adapters. See the UPDATING entry dated 20080811 for details. There are only 3 PCI ID's that should have their name changed from em(4) to igb(4): 0x10A78086, 0x10A98086, and 0x10D68086. You should be able to determine if your card will change names by running the command "pciconf -l", and for the line representing your NIC (should be named em on older systems, e.g. em0 or em1, etc) check the fourth column. If that says "chip=0x10a78086" (or one of the other two IDs given above) you will have the adapter's name change.


Updates from Source


The procedure for doing a source code based update is described in the FreeBSD Handbook:

* http://www.freebsd.org/doc/en_US.ISO8859-1/books/handbook/synching.html

* http://www.freebsd.org/doc/en_US.ISO8859-1/books/handbook/makeworld.html

The branch tag to use for updating the source is RELENG_7_1.


FreeBSD Update


The freebsd-update(8) utility supports binary upgrades of i386 and amd64 systems running earlier FreeBSD releases. Systems running 7.0-RELEASE, 7.1-BETA, 7.1-BETA2, 7.1-RC1, or 7.1-RC2 can upgrade as follows:


# freebsd-update upgrade -r 7.1-RELEASE


During this process, FreeBSD Update may ask the user to help by merging some configuration files or by confirming that the automatically performed merging was done correctly.


# freebsd-update install


The system must be rebooted with the newly installed kernel before continuing.


# shutdown -r now


After rebooting, freebsd-update needs to be run again to install the new userland components, and the system needs to be rebooted again:


# freebsd-update install

# shutdown -r now


Users of Intel network interfaces which are changing their name from "em" to "igb" should make necessary changes to configuration files BEFORE running freebsd-update, since otherwise the network interface will not be configured appropriately after rebooting for the first time.


Users of earlier FreeBSD releases (FreeBSD 6.x) can also use freebsd-update to upgrade to FreeBSD 7.1, but will be prompted to rebuild all third-party applications (e.g., anything installed from the ports tree) after the second invocation of "freebsd-update install", in order to handle differences in the system libraries between FreeBSD 6.x and FreeBSD 7.x.


For more information, see:

http://www.daemonology.net/blog/2007-11-11-freebsd-major-version-upgrade.html

notes.png ȤԤˡλɤ⤦. ơ˹Ԥ٤Ȥ¾ˤʤ褯褯դ褦. ⤷ʤСκȤԤ. ޤΤˤɤήǥС󥢥åפԤ뤫򤷤褦.

ºݤ˥С󥢥å׺ȤԤ

warning.png ʲκȤϡ빽֤Ταդ褦.
notes.png λɤʬ뤬(ǰΰ٤ΤȤȤθ) freebsd-update ԤФ褤. ǫ˼˱äƺȤ褦. ǤĤ䤬뤬ǫɤ(ޤǤ褤Τ)򤷤DZ褦*1.

warning.png freebsd-update ޥɤϡ -r θΥץ˥ڥߥȡΥåȤĤ餺 fail . ǤΤǡfreebsd-update ޥɤ fail Ȥϥڥߥ򵿤.
warning.png 7.0 7.1R ؤΥС󥢥åפǤϡظǡ¿Ρ׺ȤԤ. κȤǤ⡤Ȥ˥եžϻԤ̤Ȥ freebsd-update ޤäޤޤˤʤäꤹ*2. ⿴ۤפ. ϡCtrl-c freebsd-update ߤơƤӤ餿 freebsd-update ưФ褤. freebsd-update ˹ԤäեžѥåƤϥåפƤΤǡʬ̵̤ȯʤΤ. ǤΤǡtop ޥɤͻҤåʤ顤freebsd-update κȤưʤʤäƤ褦ä顤Τ褦˻ߤơƤӥޥɤ褦.

ޤή

ȤϤäƤ⡤¤̤ФƤ顤ޤʥ饤򼨤Ƥ.
ޤǽ˿ҤͤΤϡ֤ޤˤäưʲΤ褦ʥե򴹤ʤɤ뤱ɡ褤Ǥ?פȤ.
ƥǥ쥯ȥι¤򤤤ʤɤüʤȤ򤷤ƤʤСޤפ*3.

ϡŪˤ /etc ʲΥեν񤭴ˤĤƤΤΤǡּʬǽѤפ⤢.
츫񤷤褯ߤȾϤʤǤʤΤǡñ.
warning.png ȾϡСֹν񤭴˲᤮ʤΤǡ¤ϫϤϤפʤ.
warning.png ˽񤭴ɬפ褯ͤ褦.

notes.png Ȥä顤Τ˥С󥢥åפǤȤ /usr/src/sys/conf/newvers.sh ȤեȤ򸫤뤳ȤdzǧƤ.
Ǥϡ

REVISION="7.1"

BRANCH="RELEASE-p2"

ˤʤäƤϤ.

ºݤμ

ºݤμϰʲΤ褦ˤʤ.
ߤƤޤȼϤǤʤʤΤǡȸޤǸʤ褦ˤƤ.

Ǹ(1)

ޤǴñ˿ƤȤĤȻפФˤĤƤΩ夲κݤϫϤ֥ȥ֥뤬ʤ褦˰ݻפȤѤ.
ǤΤǡФϡǡ˰ݻˡŪˡϫϤξʤˡǡ׹ԤռƺȤΤɤ.
warning.png ºݡdzΥƥ ports Ϻǿ?
Ǹ

 portsnap fetch; portsnap update

򤷤ΤϤĤä?
warning.png ºݡdzΥƥ˴ΤȼϤʤ?

 portaudit -adF

ȤƤߤơȼ 𤵤?

Ǹ(2)

ˤ⼨ƱȤԤȻפȡPC 1̤ɬפȤʤꡤʤʤ񤷤.
ϳˤȤäƤȤ unix 긵ˤ뤳ȤΥåȤ礭.
ǡȤŬڤʲ۴Ķ(Vmware ʤ)Ѥơ PC MS-Windows/MacOS FreeBSD ưΤ.
PC OS ˲۴ĶۤơޤǤηи FreeBSD 򥤥󥹥ȡ뤷ƻȤäƤߤ褦.

ݡ

ԤäȤˤĤ𤻤.
Ƽ

  1. °(ز)
  2. ֹ
  3. ǯ
  4. ̾
  5. οΥݡ(θȤˤĤƵŤ)

񤯤Τ˺ʤ褦.

about Icons

Some icons in this page are downloadable at ICONFINDER.
The "note" icon notes.png designed by Marco Martin is distributed with the LGPL licence
and the "warning" icon warning.png designed by Alexandre Moore with the GPL licence.
Thank you Marco and Alexandre!


*1 äƤ뤳ȤǤƤ⡤ƥܤʤȡ֤Ǥ褤ɤפȽ񤷤.ǤΤǡפʥξϡƥΥХååפäƤȤ뤳Ȥˤʤ
*2 餯ȤäƤեžġν꤬
*3 ϡƥऴȥХååפƤ٤

źեե: filewarning.png 279 [ܺ] filenotes.png 192 [ܺ]